Montserrat Mountain Natural Park
This geological wonder has very popular peaks, such as the Cavall Bernat monolith, 1,100 meters high and the subject of numerous anecdotes and legends. Another outstanding peak is that of Sant Jeroni, which reaches 1,236 meters, and from where you can enjoy an exceptional panoramic view that ranges from the Pyrenees to the sea and the island of Mallorca, if the fog and the clouds allow it.
It is a protected area due to its natural, cultural and scenic wealth that we must preserve and respect. The mountain of Montserrat and its surroundings occupy an area of more than 7,500 hectares, of which 1,765 are a Natural Reserve within some 3,483 hectares of Natural Park.
The Montserrat Mountain Board is the governing body and manager of the Natural Park. El Bruc, Marganell, Monistrol and Collbató are the entrance portals to the Montserratine massif. The participation and involvement of these municipalities, the Abbey of Montserrat and other small owners makes it possible to improve this splendid natural space day after day.
A vegetation rich in diversity
As with the fauna, the Montserrat Mountain is home to typically Mediterranean vegetation. Holm oak dominates most of the mountain, although it has suffered human pressure because it is a very important source of fuel.
In the canals and cliffs of the north face we find yew, holly and various deciduous trees such as orón or hazelnuts.
In the rocky areas there is the queen's crown, endemic to Montserrat and Sant Llorenç del Munt and the caragola, endemic to Central Catalonia, as well as the bear's ear, a relic of ice ages.
A fauna difficult to observe
In Montserrat there are many species typical of Mediterranean environments, the mountain relief, however, complements the fauna population with a wide range of species that find optimal specific conditions in Montserrat: verticality, the coldest and most humid conditions of the high parts and the warmest and driest parts of the southern slope or the presence of skeletal soils on the ridges and tops of the needles.
Among the most frequent species are the wild boar, the fox, the marten, the genet, the badger, the squirrel, the wood pigeon, the robin, the ladder snake, the common midwife toad and the salamander.
Of the rocks and cliffs, the Bonelli's eagle, the Egyptian vulture, the pelegrine falcon, the eagle owl and the mountain goat stand out, introduced in the mid-nineties and which currently has a population of 200 specimens.